Khasra number (ख़सरा) and its importance in checking land records

A Persian term, Khasra number is a plot or survey number given to a particular piece of land in villages and is useful for checking land records. In urban areas, land parcels are allotted plot numbers or survey numbers, the equivalent of rural areas’ Khasra number

What is khasra number?

For identification purposes, plot numbers are assigned to each piece of land in urban India. Similarly, a number is also assigned to agricultural land in rural areas. This land identity number is Khasra (ख़सरा) number. Sometimes also written as Khesra (खेसरा), a khasra number is always required when you try to access land records or bhulekh.

Buyers must note here that a khasra number, which is part of the document titled sharja, is not always the same for a plot number. If a land parcel is divided or sold or gifted and the mutation takes place after the transaction, the khasra number will change accordingly. Suppose a land plot has the khasra number of 50, and it is later divided into two parts. In that case, the two plots will have khasra numbers of 50/1 and 50/2.

Purpose of Khasra number

A khasra number is an identity provided to a land parcel. To access any information about your land, you will have to provide the khasra number. Similarly, this is the number that will be used to notify you, in case there is any official communication with respect to your land parcel. This includes communication pertaining to land-related frauds that are quite common, especially in rural India.

How authorities assign khasra number?

Authorities take the village map and assign a khasra number to each and every land parcel in that particular village. This makes a khasra number a unique identity number allocated by authorities to land parcels, mostly in rural India.

Across states where the term is popular, the lekhpal is responsible for preparing the local land revenue documents. The village patwari assists the lekhpal in keeping the land revenue documents updated.

 States where the term Khasra is used

Across the north and central parts of India, one would need to use the Khasra number to gather crucial information about land records. The states where land identities are allocated in the form of khasra numbers include UP, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, etc.

 List of states where you can find Khasra number online

To check land details online, users can provided the relevant details on the online portals on the state concerned and check khasra online. Here is the a list of states and the official portals that provide khasra details online:

Andhra Pradesh: Meebhoomi

Assam: Dharitree

Bihar: Biharbhumi

Chhattisgarh: Bhuiyan

Delhi: Bhulekh

Goa: Bhulekh

Gujarat: E-Dhara

Haryana: Jamabandi

Himachal Pradesh: Bhulekh

Jharkhand: Jharbhoomi

Karnataka: Survey, Settlement & Land Records.

Manipur: Loucha Pathap

Madhya Pradesh: Bhulekh

Maharashtra: Mahabhumi

Odisha: Bhulekh

Punjab: Jamabandi

Telangana: Know your land status

e-ServiceRajasthan: Apna khata

Uttar Pradesh: Bhulekh

Uttarakhand: Bhulekh

West Bengal: Banglarbhumi

 Must-know facts

Difference between ख़सरा and खसरा 

At this juncture, it becomes pertinent to mention that even though the English spelling for the two words are exactly the same, the term ख़सरा should not be confused with खसरा (the Hindi term used to denote  measles, a highly contagious virus-induced disease).

When a user opts for English as the language to find land records of official bhulekh portals on Indian states, the Google Translator mistakenly translates the term Khesra or khasra as measles. This is a common mistake and users should not be misled by this. informations

What is Khata number?

A Khata number, on the other hand, is an account number allotted to a family which denotes the entire landholding of all the members. Also known as the Khewat number, a Khata number provides you the details of owners and their total landholding.

Example: Prakash, Saurabh and Rahul are siblings who own land parcels falling under Khasra number 20, 22 and 24 in their village. They will have the same Khata or Khewat number.

Depending on the state you are looking for the land record, you will have to use the Khata number or the Khatauni number or both, to access the documents.

 Difference between Khasra number and Khata number

The Khasra number is among the many details that are maintained across Indian states under records of rights, popularly known as Jamabandi or Fard. Apart from Khasra number, RoR also has details about the owner, mortgages, leases, crop details and cultivator’s details.

A Persian term, Khasra number is a plot or survey number given to a particular piece of land in villages. In urban areas, land parcels are allotted plot numbers or survey numbers, the equivalent of rural areas’ Khasra number. The land parcels might have several owners.

Khasras provide every detail pertaining to all the fields and their areas, measurement, details of owners and cultivators, type of crops and soil, etc. Khasra is basically part of another document named Shajra, which carried the entire map of a village.

“An account of all the geographical contents, a Khasra number also provides details like the total area of the land, whether it is fertile, kind of crop cultivated on the land, the number of trees planted here and the soil quality, etc.,” says Barabanki-based Amresh Shula, who works as a Lekhpal with the Uttar Pradesh Land Revenue Department.

Using the Khasra number, one can get the entire ownership history and pattern about the land, as well, which might go back up to 50 years.

 What is Khewat number?

The Khewat number, also known as the khata number, is an account number given to landowners who jointly own a land parcel.

Changes occur in the khewat number with changing ownership.

Consider this example:

There are 5 khewats in a village. Ram, Shyam and Mahesh are joint owners in khewat 3. Eventually, the trio decided to sell their land to Lakhan, who already owns khewat number 2 in that village. After mutation, Lakhan’s name would show against khewat number 2, as well as 3, in the new jamabandi records.

 What is Khatauni number?

A type of account number, Khatauni provides information on the land-holding pattern within a family. A legal document, khatauni provides the information about a land, its khasra number, the number of people who own it, its total area, etc. Khatauni also has the details of all the khasras owned by a land owner. In other words, khatauni is the record of all the khasras owned by a family.

To get the khatauni number, you could visit the village tehsil or the Jan-Suvidha centres. You could also visit the official website of the revenue department concerned, to get the information, as most states provide it online. Mostly, this information is available on Bhulekh websites of the state concerned.

 What is batai?

“Historically, most landowners depended on people with no landholding for cultivation purpose. An arrangement was made between the two parties, where the owner would provide his land and the resources to cultivate while the entire task was carried out by the cultivators. The crop was later divided equally between the two parties. This arrangement is popularly known as the Batai system in the Hindi belt,” informations

Example: Ram Kumar, Deen Dayal Varam and Raghunath Prasad are cultivators who cultivate certain portions of land under Khasra number 26, 30 and 35 in their village. The three of them would have the same Khatauni number.

What information will Khata, Khasra and Khatauni numbers provide

  • How much agricultural land a village has.
  • How many people own a particular land parcel in the village.
  • If this particular land parcel is being cultivated by the owners.
  • If not, how many people are cultivating this particular land parcel.
  • How much landholding a family has in the village.
  • What is the share of these landholders in the land.

How to find Khasra number/Khata number/Khatauni number?

As most states have digitised their land records, users can go to the official revenue department website of the state concerned and find out the details. Listed are the names and the websites of some states where you can find your khasra details: informations

StateOfficial portalPortal link
Andhra PradeshMeebhoomi 
GoaGoa Land Records 
Himachal PradeshHimbhoomi 
Madhya PradeshBhulekh 
MaharashtraBhulekh Mahabhumi 
OdishaBhulekh Odisha 
RajasthanApna Katha/E-Dharti 
Tamil NaduPatta 
Uttar PradeshBhulekh 
West BengalBanglabhumi 

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